Sprinkler irrigation or commonly called rain irrigation is in all likelihood the most flexible and easy-to-use system modern and skilled agricultural entrepreneurs can use. This is a real agronomic technique whose basis is simply an intelligent reproduction of a natural phenomenon like rain, guided and controlled by man. Thanks to this condition, this technique is
perfectly suitable for any type of crop ensuring optimal production in terms of saleable gross product and stabilizing the cultivation cycles. Automatic irrigation machines, commonly known as “hose-reels”, have in the last decade undergone constant and progressive innovation especially involving the PET tube recovery system with which these technologies are equipped, but even more significantly, there has been a progressive investment in electronic control
devices onboard the machine. Today, thanks to these real electronic programmers, our machines are capable of monitoring any operating parameter with absolute precision, such as pluviometry, flow rate, irrigation start and end pauses, as well as remotely transmitting this data trough GSM modules or internet platforms. These conditionalities have allowed working with very significant pressure and flow rate ranges, de facto covering almost all cultivation cases and perfectly adapting to any type of soil. The evolutionary stage of these machines has clearly also involved their management and handling, putting the operator in absolutely safe conditions thanks to the widespread introduction of hydraulic servo controls and accident-prevention protections.
A detail of fundamental importance is full-field water distribution which normally occurs in two ways: the first through long-range sprinklers and the second using rain wings equipped with precision sprinklers. Using long-range sprinklers, you can cover wet strips up to over 130 metres in all, always and anyway preserving good water quality and watering uniformity, while the use of rain wings is more suitable for horticultural or crop irrigation where irrigation of mostly the foliage of
the plant is required. In recent years, thanks to the flexibility of use of these machines, new cultivation and agronomic techniques have been introduced; just think, for example, of the possibility of distributing liquid digestate from post-fermentation or administering active ingredients to the crop or phytoiatric protection. The water mixed and added to these products directly nourishes and protects the growing crop changing its microclimate in the event of severe drought allowing constant and programmed growth. Also for this sector, you can resort to the support of latest-generation electronic technologies and dosing pumps.
Finally, it should be remembered that the average life of an irrigation machine may easily be 15 years, a period of time whose cost is widely rewarded by targeted use and only in case of need, unlike other systems, for example drip irrigation or micro sprinklers, which force agricultural entrepreneurs to commit large sums of money regardless of their potential use.